A crucial part of retirement planning is designating one or more beneficiaries for your Common Wealth plan. You’ll want to consider some factors when deciding the individual(s) who will receive the Common Wealth assets in the event of your death.
After you enroll in Common Wealth, click on the profile icon in the top-right corner of your account dashboard to access the beneficiary designation form. Select “Update my personal details” in the drop-down menu, and at the top click on “Beneficiaries”. You can name one or more beneficiary(ies) for each regulatory account (TFSA, RRSP, RRIF) – your beneficiaries do not have to be the same person(s) for all three accounts.
Subject to applicable laws, by designating a beneficiary for each of your TFSA, RRSP and/or RRIF accounts, assets held in these accounts will be paid directly to the named individual(s) upon your death and will not form part of your estate. If you do not designate beneficiaries for your TFSA, RRSP and/or RRIF accounts, assets held in these accounts will be paid into your estate upon your death and will be paid out in accordance with your will, or as otherwise required under applicable laws.
If you have a spouse
In this article, the term “spouse” includes a common-law partner, and each has the meaning recognized in the Income Tax Act (Canada) (the “ITA”).
If you want your spouse to receive some or all of the assets held in Common Wealth upon your death, you can designate your spouse as “beneficiary” under some or all of your accounts. Under the ITA, there are different rules and terminology used relating to designating a spouse under a RRSP, TFSA or RRIF.
RRSP – spousal beneficiary
If you designate your spouse as the beneficiary of your RRSP, the ITA permits the value of the RRSP account on your death to be “rolled-over” to your spouse’s RRSP on a non-taxable basis. Technically, the value of your RRSP account at the time of your death is included in your surviving spouse’s income, but your surviving spouse then claims a tax deduction to fully offset this income. Taxes remain deferred while the money is in your surviving spouse’s RRSP.
TFSA – successor holder and/or RRIF – successor annuitant
Under the ITA, you may designate your spouse as a successor holder for the TFSA, and a successor annuitant for your RRIF accounts in Common Wealth, in which case your spouse effectively “takes over” your account assets upon your death.
If your spouse is named as beneficiary (RRSP), successor holder (TFSA) or successor annuitant (RRIF), under Common Wealth, following your death, your spouse can then choose from the following options:
- Join Common Wealth and have the assets continue in their own Common Wealth account
- Transfer the assets to their RRSP, TFSA and RRIF within their Common Wealth account if they are already a member
- Transfer the assets to another RRSP, TFSA and RRIF at a financial institution outside Common Wealth
Your beneficiary, successor holder and/or successor annuitant designations will not automatically be revoked or updated in the event of a change in your spousal status. If you have a change in spousal status, you may wish to consult a lawyer, accountant or financial advisor to determine what changes, if any, should be made to your designations under Common Wealth.
There is no direct transfer of funds to another registered product for beneficiaries other than spouses. Subject to applicable laws, upon your death, if you designate one or more beneficiaries other than your spouse for your accounts (RRSP, TFSA, RRIF) under Common Wealth, the designated individuals will be paid the applicable account balance (or portion thereof), less taxes. Unless you update your designations, if your designated beneficiary/beneficiaries predecease(s) you, payment will be made to the remaining surviving beneficiaries designated for that account in equal parts and if none, to your estate.
If you do not complete the beneficiary designation process, subject to applicable laws, all of the Common Wealth assets will be paid to your estate (less taxes), for distribution by your executor in accordance with your will.
Beneficiary designations for your TFSA, RRIF, and RRSP accounts in Common Wealth are generally revocable.
If you wish to change a beneficiary designation, you may do so by completing a new Common Wealth beneficiary designation form at any time. You should periodically review your beneficiary designations, especially in the event of major life changes such as marriage, divorce, separation, or the birth of children. If you are a Quebec resident or a non-resident of Canada, different rules may apply and you should contact email@example.com.
Common Wealth is one component of your estate. We recommend that you consult a financial advisor, accountant and/or lawyer to understand how designating a beneficiary under Common Wealth fits into your overall estate planning.